(pronounced de-escalate)



Autism Awareness Training



This course is a one day course giving an introduction to autism and the acceptance of Autistic people.

The following is a peek at the content of the day.

Autism has no physical signs, but affects the way individuals perceive and interact with the world. Neurotypical people can have difficulty with acceptance and understanding the differences an autistic person experiences. With more than 700,000 people in the UK thought of as having autism a general understanding of the differences is essential.

Autism manifests itself in a huge number of ways leading to a condition that is as individual to each autistic person as you are individually different to this author.

It is mainly public perception that has linked autism and distress. Therefore, while there are some catch all understandings around autism, the main focus should be on very individualised approaches to caring for and enabling people.

When working with an autistic individual who has difficulty self regulating their emotional state D.ESCAL8 TM can assist carers to work more consistently by gaining more understanding of autism and Distress.


Participants will get an overview of the characteristics of autism and care planning for the individuals in their care.


Participants will -

  • understand how their own thinking and processing may differ from an individual on the autistic spectrum
  • understand the need for sensory assessments
  • understand that the individual’s sensory profile may highlight and inform how their needs should be taken into account during care planning and positive behaviour support
  • accept that their own lives have elements other people would find obsessive / ritualistic
  • understand how to take into account the differences in the autistic experience when writing plans


Autism is not a single condition; it is a spectrum of conditions. The latest prevalence studies of autism indicate that 1.1% of the population in the UK may be on the autism spectrum. This means that over 695,000 people in the UK may be autistic, an estimate derived from the 1.1% prevalence rate applied to the 2011 UK census figures.

These disorders are characterized, in varying degrees by difficulties, or differences, from neurotypical people, in:

  • social interaction
  • verbal and nonverbal communication
  • repetitive behaviours

Therefore, as autism is a ‘spectrum’ there are huge variations in the manner in which it manifests and the behaviours that are experienced by autistic people in distress.

Sensory differences and difficulties are common and vary widely and people with autism can experience differences in thinking, perception and learning styles. All of the above can be factors in an individual's ability to self regulate; this can lead to individual distress. However, autism and distress do not automatically go together.


With the May 2013 publication of the DSM-5 diagnostic manual all autism disorders were merged under the one umbrella diagnosis of ‘Autistic Spectrum Disorder’. Previously, they were recognized as distinct subtypes, including:

  • Autistic disorder
  • Childhood disintegrative disorder
  • Pervasive developmental disorder-not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS)
  • Asperger syndrome

In the UK ICD-10 is mainly used for diagnosis which still has the separate diagnoses.

What does cause autism?

There is probably not one single answer to this question. However, today there is a widely held understanding that autism is a neurodevelopmental disorder with a biological basis.


We use the term Autistic Person as research suggests it is preferred.

The term ‘autistic’ was endorsed by a large percentage of autistic adults, family members/friends and parents but by considerably fewer professionals; ‘person with autism’ was endorsed by almost half of professionals but by fewer autistic adults and parents.


NAS discussion